Monerans

​Monerans are single celled organisms that have no nucleus or organelles. Monerans do not have a specific job instead they're individual cells that survive on their own but can become clusters or groups of cells.The kingdom Monera is separated into two different areas, Bacteria and Cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria is green and usually water based but can grow on wet rocks or in some wet soils. Bacteria can be good or bad, good bacteria is the bacteria that helps you digest. Bad bacteria is the bacteria that carries disease and makes you sick.

Anabaena oumiana


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Scientific name: Anabaena oumiana.
Shape: Cocci
Location: On the bottom of ponds and lakes.

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Scientific name:Gloeocapsa magma
Shape: Cocci
Location: On the banks of ponds and lakes.



Protists

Protists are complex single celled organisms although some are multi celled. Protists have a nucleus and organelles unlike Monerans. Protists are separated into two groups, Protozoan meaning animal like and Algae meaning plantlike.


Anabaena flos-aquae

anabaema_flos-aquae.jpg

Definition: Algae is a plant like Protist. Algae has a cell wall and chlorophyl. Algae make their own food through photosynthesis and most live in water. Algae may live alone or in colonies of cells.
Scientific name: Anabaena flos- aquae
Information: this protist is a form of green algae.
Location: found in slow-moving lakes and ponds.
Type: algae

Peranema trichophorum


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Definition: Protozoans are animal like Protists. Protozoans are single celled with no cell wall or chlorophyl. They take in food and move around. Some protozoans can't move on their own so they just enter the hosts cells.
Scientific name: Peranema trichophorum
Type: Protozoan
Location: In freshwater lake and ponds in the water.
Fungi​ Fungus are multi-celled organisms with no chlorophyll. Absorb nutrients from whatever they are on.

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Dead man's fingers










Definition: Cup shaped Fungus.
Scientific Name: Xylaria polymorpha
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Ascomycetes
Order: Xylariales
Family: Xylariaceae
Genus: Xylaria
Species: polymorpha
Location: Can be found on dead decaying trees in the woods
that can be found along lakes.



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Death Cap












Definition: Club shaped- closely packed filaments.
Scientific Name: Amanita phalloides
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Pluteaceae
Genus: Amanita
Species: phalloides
Location: Along the shores of Lakes and ponds and in the
outer forests.


cramp_balls.jpg
common name: Cramp Balls

Definition: Cup shaped Fungus.
Scientific Name:Daldinia concentrica
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Ascomycetes
Order: Xylariales
Family: Xylariaceae
Genus: Daldinia
Species: concentrica
Location: Rotting trees surrounding Lakes and Ponds




Glomus_clarum.jpg
Common name: unknown

Definition: microscopic fungus that grows on roots of plants.
Scientific Name: Glomus clarum
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum:Glomeromycota
Class: Glomeromycetes
Order: Glomerales
Family: Glomeraceae
Genus: Glomus
Species: Clarum
Location: On the roots of some plants surrounding lakes and ponds


Plants:

Plants are Multi-Celled organisms that have 2 groups. Non-vascular and Vascular. Non-vascular plants have no water conducting tissue, and they are close to the ground. Vascular plants have water conducting tissues through out the plant.
CattailSeedhead_Photo.jpg
Common Name: Cattail



Vascular/Liliopsida
Location: On the banks of lakes and ponds.
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Typhales
Family: Typhaceae
Genus: Typha
Species: angustifolia


Weeping_Willow.jpg
Common Name: Weeping Willow


Vascular/Magnoliopsida
Location: Hanging over lakes and ponds.
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Salicales
Family: Salicaceae
Genus: Salix
Species: alba


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Common Name: Water Hyacinth


Non-Vascular/ Liliopsida
Location: A floating flower that can be found floating
or on the shore.
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Pontederiales
Family: Pontederiaceae
Genus: Eichhornia
Species: crassipes

dwarfflower.jpg
Common Name: Dwarf-flowered heart leaf



Non-vascular/Piperopsida
Location: In little groves around the shores of lakes and ponds.
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Piperopsida
Order: Apocynales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Hoya
Species: kerrii


moss.jpg
Common name: polytrichum moss


Non-Vascular/Bryopsida
Location: In wet places around lakes.
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Bryophyta
Class: Bryopsida
Order: Polytrichales
Family: Polytrichaceae
Genus: Polytrichum
Species: strictum

horsetail_index.jpg
Commmon Name: Snake Grass/Horse Tails



Vascular/Equisetopsida
Location: On the banks of lakes and ponds
or in the shallows of lakes and ponds
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order: Equisetales
Family: Equisetaceae
Genus: Equisetum
Species: hyemale






ferns.jpg
Common Name: Chain Fern



Location: can grow in slightly brackish water.
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Blechnaceae
Genus: Woodwardia
Species: orientalis

merlin's_grass.jpg
Common name: Merlin's Grass

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Isoetopsida
Order: Isoetales
Family: Isoetaceae
Genus: Isoetes
Species:tegetiformans





heterophyllium_moss.jpg
common name: Heterophyllium Moss

Kindom: Plantae
Phylum: Bryophyta
Class: Bryopsida
Order: Hypnales
Family: Sematophyllaceae
Genus: Heterophyllium
Species: affine





Cabomba_haynesii.jpg
common name: fishgrass


Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Nymphaeales
Family: Noctuoidea
Genus: Cabomba
Species: haynesii





Chenopodium_rubrum.jpg
Commmon Name: Goosefoots


Kindom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Genus: Chenopodium
Species: rubrum



Pilularia_americana.jpg
Common Name: American Pillwort


Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida
Order: Salviniales
Family: Marsileaceae
Genus: Pilularia
Species: americana





Animals: Animals are multi-celled organisms that digest their food inside their body.




Frog.jpg
Common Name: Red legged frog



Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Genus: Rana
Species: aurora
Location: In the wet marshy areas of lakes and ponds

Squirrel.jpg
Common Name: Gray squirrel



Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mamallia
Genus: Sciurus
Species: carolinensis
Location: In the trees and banks of Lakes and ponds.

Kingfisher.jpg
Common Name: King Fisher




Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Coraciiformes
Genus: Halcyon
Species: cyanoventris
Location: Fishing In Lakes and ponds.


Snail.jpg
Common Name: Ring shell snail




Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order: Architaenioglossa
Genus: Japonia
Species: insularis
Location: found in the moist dirt around Lakes
and ponds.

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Common Name: Earthworms




Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Annelida
Class: Oligochaeta
Order: Opisthopora
Genus: Komarekiona
Species: eatoni
Location: In the soil of lakes and ponds.


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Common Name: Roundworm


Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nemetatoda
Class:
Secernentea
Order: Aphelenchida
Genus: Aphelenchoides
Species: besseyi
Location: In the intestines of other animals. Can
also be found elsewhere in the hosts body.

giant_freshwater_crayfish.jpg
Common name: Giant Freshwater Crayfish

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:
Decapoda
Genus:
Astacopsis
Species: Gouldi
Location: In Freshwater Lakes and ponds usually hiding under weeds.




alligator_gar.jpg
Common name: Alligator Gar

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class:
Osteichthyes
Order:
Lepisosteiformes
Genus:
Atractosteus
Species: Spatula
Location: Usually lives in Oxbow lakes and sometimes strays into salt water as it is a fish of high salinity.


Northern_Pike.jpg
Common name: Pike, Northern Pike

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum:
Chordata
Class: Osteichthyes
Order: Esociformes
Genus: Esox
Species: lucius
Location: Vegetated Lakes and Ponds. Usually a very territorial fish. Also usually lives deep in the water.


crappie.jpg
Common name: Crappie

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum:
Chordata
Class: Osteichthyes
Order: Perciformes
Genus: Pomoxis
Species: nigromaculatus
Location: Inhabit lakes and ponds. Usually hide in weeds under the water.






medicinal_leech.jpg
Common name: Leech

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Annelida
Class: Clitellata
Order: Arhynchobdellida
Family: Hirudinidae
Genus: Hirudo
Species: medicinalis
Location: Hiding in the mud and/or weeds.


freshwater_jellyfish.jpg
Common name: Freshwater Jellyfish


Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Hydrozoa
Order: Limnomedusae
Family: Olindiidae
Genus: Craspedacusta
Species: sowerbyi
Location: Just drifts around in the water so it can be anywhere in the lake or pond.



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